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Broome

Western Australia

BROOME.TOWN

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Broome Local History

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Broome is a coastal town in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. It is a popular tourist destination known for its beautiful beaches, rich cultural heritage, and unique natural attractions. But the history of Broome goes far beyond its current reputation as a tourist hotspot.

Indigenous History

The local indigenous people of Broome are the Yawuru and the Karajarri. For thousands of years, these people have lived on the land, navigating the harsh desert environment and the tidal zones of the coast. They have a rich cultural heritage that includes art, music, and storytelling. The indigenous people of Broome have been instrumental in shaping the town's cultural identity, and their influence can be seen in everything from the cuisine to the art and architecture of the area.

Colonial History

Broome was founded in the late 19th century, during the height of the pearling industry in Australia. Japanese, Malay, and Chinese divers were brought to the area to work on the pearling boats, and they formed a significant part of the town's multicultural population. The pearling industry created great wealth for the town's entrepreneurs and pearl merchants, but it was also a dangerous and exploitative industry for the divers. Many lost their lives while diving for pearls.

During World War II, Broome played a critical role as an air base for the Allied forces. The town was bombed by Japanese planes on March 3, 1942, resulting in the loss of many lives and significant damage to the town. The wreckage of several planes can still be seen today in the waters off the coast of Broome.

Modern History

Broome has changed significantly since its pearling heyday, but the town still retains much of its historical character. The multicultural population, which includes indigenous people, Australians of European descent, and many other immigrant communities, has shaped the town's unique identity.

Today, Broome is a thriving tourist destination, with visitors flocking to see the stunning natural attractions, including the famous Cable Beach, the Staircase to the Moon, and the Horizontal Falls. The town also offers a range of cultural and historical attractions, including the Pearl Luggers Museum, the Broome Historical Society Museum, and the Japanese Cemetery.

History of in Broome

The history of Broome is a rich and complex one, spanning thousands of years of indigenous culture and more than a century of colonial and modern history. Today, the town is a beautiful and unique place, beloved by residents and tourists alike. Its history is a testament to the resilience and creativity of the people who have called it home over the years.


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Aerial view of Broome looking over famous Cable Beach
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